Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí of Púbol, Catalan: (11 May 1904 – 23 January 1989) was a Spanish surrealist artist renowned for his technical skill, precise draftsmanship, and the striking and bizarre images in his work.
Without doubt, he remains one of the most controversial and paradoxical artists of the twentieth century. Over the last few decades, Salvador Dali has gradually come to be seen, alongside the likes of Picasso and Matisse, as a prodigious figure whose life and work occupies a central and unique position in the history of modern art.
Becoming known as a famous Surrealist, Dali depicted this theme through his paintings and other art works. Most of his works show a sort of dream sequence which he often draws hallucinatory characters. His major contribution to the Surrealist movement is called the "Paranoiac-Critical Method" which is a form of mental exercise of accessing the subconscious parts of the mind to have an artistic inspiration. He used this method to realize the dreams and imagination ha have in his mind, changing the real world the way he wanted and not necessarily what it was.
Salvador Dali cultivated exhibitionism and eccentricity in the work he created; not only in his art forms, but also in the way which he presented himself to the general public. In fact, in 1936, at a surrealist exhibition in London, he came to the show dressed in a diving suit, and made claims that it was a source of his creative energy. This timeless showmanship not only helped him through the course of his career, it also helped propel him as one of the leading artists in the Surrealist movement of the time.
The rivalry between Salvador Dalí and Pablo Picasso resulted in some of the 20th century’s most recognizable art - so if Dalí’s painting suggests a continuing duel with Picasso, Dalí nonetheless remained one of Picasso’s greatest admirers.
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